Paul Craig Roberts and IPE Research Fellow Lawrence M. Stratton show that one of the great ironies of history is the “colorblind” 1964 Civil Rights Act which resulted in stripping white males of their constitutional protections and turning them into second-class citizens. Instead of underpinning equal rights, the Civil Rights Act was used to undermine the principle. The New Color Line: How Quotas and Privilege Destroy Democracy demonstrates that it is now legally necessary to discriminate against white males in order to avoid civil rights lawsuits and to achieve mandated race and gender proportionally in the work force, university admissions, training programs, mortgage financing, and even disciplinary actions. The misinterpretation of the 1964 Civil Rights Act by Equal Employment Opportunity Commission bureaucrats, aided and abetted by federal courts, is turning America into a caste society. There are two classes of citizens: those protected by civil rights laws and white males who are not. The problem began when the Supreme Court based its public school desegregation decision, Brown v. Board of Education, on the premise that the innate racism of white Americans precluded a democratic solution to segregation. Thus, Brown resolved segregation at the expense of the democratic process. The 1964 Civil Rights Act resulted in the substitution of coercive regulation for freedom of conscience, thus displacing another bedrock of democracy. The authors’ proposed solution is goodwill, persuasion, and freedom of conscience as the avenues to social progress if Americans are to preserve their democracy.